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The Outbreak of West Nile Virus Infection in the New York City Area in 1999
NEJM 344:1807-1814,1858, Nash,D.,et al, 2001
See this aricle in Pubmed

Article Abstract
Outbreak surveillance identified 59 patients who were hospitalized with West Nile virus infection in the New York City area during August and September of 1999. The median age of these patients was 71 years (range, 5 to 90). The overall at tack rate of clinical West Nile virus infection was at least 6.5 cases per million population, and it increased sharply with age. Most of the patients (63 percent) had clinical signs of encephalitis; seven patients died (12 percent). Muscle weakness was documented in 27 percent of the patients and flaccid paralysis in 10 percent; in all of the latter, nerve conduction studies indicated an axonal polyneuropathy. An age of 75 years or older was an independent risk factor for death (relative risk adjusted for the presence or absence of diabetes mellitus, 8.5; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.2 to 59.1), as was the presence of diabetes mellitus (age-adjusted relative risk, 5.1; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.5 to 17.3). This outbreak of West Nile meni ngo-encephalitis in the New York City metropolitan area represents the first time this virus has been detected in the Western Hemisphere. Given the subsequent rapid spread of the virus, physicians along the eastern seaboard of the United States should co nsider West Nile virus infection in the differential diagnosis of encephalitis and viral meningitis during the summer months, especially in older patients and in those with muscle weakness.
Related Tags
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central nervous system,infection of
epidemiology of neurology
flaccid paralysis
Guillain Barre syndrome
Guillain Barre syndrome,differential diagnosis of
muscle weakness
respiratory failure
review article
serologic testing
viral infection
viral infection,CNS
West Nile fever

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